Contributed by: Joshua Waller
-Enlisted Sept. 17, 1777, as a private in Capt. a. Shepard's Company. He was engaged in the Battle of Monmouth and the siege fo Charleston where he was taken prisoner and was detained until July 2, 1781, when prisoners were exchanged. A minature trunk he made while a prisoner with dates carved on it is listed in "Old letters and other relics" (see National No. 135921). Also records in Wayne County Court House, N.C. and Washington, D.C., Veterans Adm., Revolutionary and 1812 Wars Section. DAR Lineage Book, Vol. 136, p.289. Other information went on to elaborate that Benjamin Smith enlisted as a substitute for his brother, Josiah, who was to be married. The 10th N.C. Regiment led by Abraham Shepard marched to Valley Forge, Penn., was in winter quarters there and joined Captain John Ingals Company, Colonel John Patten's 2nd N.C. Regiment. Also after the Battle of Monmouth, he was stationed the following winter at Baramus to guard the lines. The next spring helped to build the fortifications at Stony Point on the Hudson. Then marched to Charleston, S.C. Was in the siege there, and held as a prisoner about fourteen months until he was exchanged as before mentioned. -I am Benjamin Taylor Smith, a veteran of the American Revolution, now 73 years old. My discharge papers have been mislaid, so I have on this day, October 1, 1832, give a statement under oath regarding my service from September 17, 1777 to October 19, 1781 in order to obtain a pension following an Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. At age 18 I joined the Tenth Regiment of the North Carolina Line at Kinston, North Carolina, as a substitute for my brother, Josiah who was about to be married. We marched to Valley Forge where I was transferred to the Second Regiment of the NC line and joined the Army of General George Washington. I fought in the Battle of Monmouth, then marched to White Plains, New York, Danbury, Connecticut, and then passed the winter at Paramus, New Jersey, guarding the lines. In the Spring I was ordered to King's Ferry where I helped build fortifications as Stoney Point on the Hudson River. The British drove us back to West Point where I remained until fall. I was ordered to South Carolina, crossing the Potomac on the ice, thence to Richmond, Petersburg, Halifax, Tarboro, and Wilmington and along the coast to Charleston where I was made a British prisoner and retained for 14 months before being exchanged and returned to James Town, Virginia under a flag of truce. I then marched to Williamsburg, New Castle on the Pamunky River in Virginia, and thence to Richmond where I was discharged. I returned home to Wayne County, married my cousin, Phoebe Smith, and I had seven children: Elijah, Wright, Matthew, Mary(Polly), Sally and Penelope. My father John, and Phoebe's father, Benjamin were brothers. A miniature trunk I made while a prisoner is listed in "Old Letters and other relics," National No. 1359921. -married his cousin Phobe Smith -Wayne County, NC Wills-Bejamin Smith, 1839, from a copy of the original In the Name of God, Amen I Benjamin Smith of Wayne County in the State of North Carolina being of sound mine and memory but knowing that all men must die doth on this 30th day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty nine make ordain and constitute this my last will and testament in manner and from proving following. Submitting my soul to God who gave it and my body to be decently buried. -Item 1st I give unto my son Elijah Smith all the lands I bought of Gernigan on Walnut Pocoson. -Item 2nd I give unto my son Right Smith one hundred acres of land which I bought of William Whitfield and besides three hundred acres more which I bought of the said Whitfield Dec for which he already has a deed. -Item 3rd having already given my son Matthew Smith the money I sold my Negro boy Tom for, I now give him the money he now owes me as his fair portion of all my estate. -Item 4th I give unto my daughter Polly Casey fifty dollars to be kept in the hands of my herin named executor and give to her as she wants it. -Item 5th I give unto the heirs of my daughter Sally Casey dec two dollars they having already had a portion of my estate. -Item 6th I have my negro woman Nelly to be as free as the law of our state will admit my son Elijah Smith having the control of her. -Item 7th At my death I desire my hereinafter named executor to make a sale on a credit of six months of a part of my lands beginning where the line between myself and Benja Best corners at the ditch Branch and runs with said branch to the ditch then with said ditch to the main road then a adew? West Corner to the beginning and the moneys arising from the sales I wish equally divided between my son Elijah Smith and Penelope Whitfield -Item 8th at my death I also desire my said executor to make a sale at the same time and on the same credit the remainder of my lands including where my house is and my negros Jack and Peter and also my perishable property and the moneys arising from the sales of together with all which may be in hands or due me to be equally divided between all my lawful heirs after paying the legacis herein. Excepted and all my just debts and burial expenses as except my son Matthew Smith and Right Smith and one half of Smithy Whitfield and a share be given to Penelope Whitfield. -Item 9th and lastly I nominate and appoint my son Elijah Smith and Benjamin Herring my true and lawful executors to this my last will and testament utterly revoking and ever disnaming all other wills or wills by me heretofor made by causing to be made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this day and date first above, signed Benjamin Smith, seal -Witnesses: Taylor Smith, John P. Marrin, Wayne County May term 1840. -This was the above will of Benj Smith produced in open court and offered for probate and duly proved by the oath of Taylor Smith a subscribing witness therto I ordered to be recorded. Elijah Smith one of the executors therein named appeared and qualified as Executors thereto that letters testimentory issued, Jno. A. Green, Clk. Wayne County, NC - NC Pension Roll of 1835 - Wayne County ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ NORTH CAROLINA PENSION ROLL OF 1835 REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY OF WAR IN RELATION TO THE PENSION ESTABLISHMENT OF THE UNITED STATES 1835 COPIED AND INDEXED BY WILLIAM R. NAVEY P. O. BOX 251 HOLLY RIDGE, NC 28445-0251 REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY OF WAR IN OBEDIENCE TO RESOLUTIONS OF THE SENATE OF THE 5TH AND 30TH OF JUNE, 1834 AND THE 3RD OF MARCH, 1835 IN RELATION TO PENSION ESTABLISHMENT OF THE UNITED STATES ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED AS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS SERIAL NUMBERS 249, 250, 251 SENATE DOCUMENT 514 WASHINGTON PRINTED BY DUFF GREEN 1835 WAYNE COUNTY ONLY - SEE COMPLETE FILES FOR OTHER COUNTIES http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/nc/statewide/statemilitary.html -BENJAMIN SMITH WAYNE COUNTY PRIVATE NORTH CAROLINA MILITIA $80.00 ANNUAL ALLOWANCE $240.00 AMOUNT RECEIVED AUGUST 31,1833 PENSION STARTED AGE 75 Wayne County, NC - Benjamin Smith Revolutionary War Pension, 1832 ~~~~~~~~~~ Benjamin Smith - applied for pension in Wayne County Superior Court 1 Oct 1832 - aged 73 years Enlisted 17 Sep 1777 as a substitute for his brother Josiah Smith who enlisted and afterwards being about to contract matrimony and procured discharge; joined at Dobbs County now Wayne; served as Private in Capt. A. Shepard's Company, Col. Abraham Shepard's 10th NC Regiment; marched to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, was in winter quarters there and placed in Capt. John Ingel's Company, Col. John Patten's 2nd NC Regiment; in the battle of Manmouth; stationed the following winter at Paramus to guard the lines; next spring helped to build the fortifications at Stony Point on the Hudson; then marched to Charleston, SC; was in the siege there where taken prisoner and held about fourteen months; exchanged 2 Jul 1780 and soon after discharged; allowed pension 1 Oct 1832; died 23 Feb 1840. Source: HeritageQuest Online Abstract from Revolutionary War Pension Wayne County, NC - Heritage Series Reprinted with permission of the Mount Olive Tribune and cannot be reproduced without permission. Revolutionary War Pensioners - Wayne "Our Heritage" By Claude Moore No date shown Last week I wrote about the Duplin County pensioners of the American Revolution & this week it will be the pensioners of Wayne County. Four volumes have recently been reprinted of the "Pension Roll of 1835." Under an act of Congress in 1825, a private was paid $120 a year, a lieutenant $320 a year, a captain $480 a year, a major $600 a year & a colonel $600 per year. Wayne County was created out of old Dobbs County in 1779. The records of Dobbs County were largely destroyed by fire including the militia records. A veteran who did not have a discharge certificate had to get witnesses to sign an affidavit to the affect that they knew personally & that the applicant had served in the Revolution. The applicant had to sign a sworn statement before the clerk of the court giving his service record from memory. The pension records in 1835 showed the following men from Wayne County: the following were listed as having served in the Continental Line (National Army). David Edwards, placed on roll in 1832, age 71 Absalom Ellis, died April 13, 1828, age 63 William Farrell, placed on roll in 1833, age 79, N.C. Militia Charles Gibson, no age Elisha Grant, died January 23, 1830, age 76 John Howell, placed on roll in 1833, age 80 George Jernigan, placed on roll in 1833, age 73 George Mitchell, placed on roll in 1830, age 72 Jethro Odom, placed on roll in 1834, age 87 Michael Revill, placed on roll in 1833, age 74 Ezekiel Slocumb, (husband of Mary Slocumb), placed on roll in 1833, age 74 Benjamin Smith, placed on roll in 1833, age 75 Jesse Spencer, (Virginia Militia), placed on roll in 1833, age 73 Nehemia Tolar, placed on roll in 1833, age 95 Jesse Vick, placed on roll in 1830, age 83 Wait Warwick, died in 1830, age 74 John Wiggs, placed on roll in 1833, age 76 John Wise, placed on roll in 1823 James Woodland, placed on roll in 1819 No roster of Wayne County Troops who served in the American Revolution has ever been compiled. This would be an execellent project for some of the high school teachers in Wayne County or for the D.A.R Chapter.