Mecklenberg Declaration of Independence





    
    
    This is a copy of the Mecklenburg Declaration. This is not from the sources and references as below.
    
    1. Resolved . . . That whosoever directly or indirectly abets, or in any way, form, or manner 
    countenances the invasion of our rights, as attempted by the Parliament of Great Britain, 
    is an enemy to his country, to America, and the rights of man. 
    
    2. Resolved . . . That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do hereby dissolve the political 
    bands which have connected us with the mother country, and absolve ourselves from all 
    allegiance to the British Crown, abjuring all political connection with a nation that has wantonly 
    trampled on our rights and liberties and inhumanly shed innocent blood of Americans in Lexington. 
    
    3. Resolved . . . That we do hereby Declare ourselves free and independent people; that we are, 
    and of a right ought to be, a sovereign and self-governing people under the power of God and 
    the*General Congress; to the maintenance which independence we solemnly pledge to each 
    other our mutual co-operation, our lives, our fortunes and our scared honor. *(Reference here 
    was to the Provincial Congress of North Carolina.) 
    
    4. Resolved . . . That we hereby ordain and adopt as rules of conduct all each of our former laws, 
    and that the crown of Great Britain cannot be considered hereafter as holding any rights, privileges, 
    or immunities among us. 
    
    5. Resolved . . . That all officers, both civil and military, in the country, be entitled to exercise the 
    same powers and authorities as heretofore; that every member of this delegation shall henceforth 
    be civil officer and exercise the powers of a justice of the peace, issue process, hear and determine 
    controversies according to law, preserve peace, union and harmony in the country, and use every 
    exertion to spread the love of liberty and of country until a more general and better organized 
    system of government be established. 
    
    6 Resolved . . . That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted by express to the President of the 
    Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia to be laid before that body. 
    Signers of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence; 
    
    Gen. Thomas Polk ------------------------------ Col.Abraham Alexander 
    Dr. Ephraim Brevard ---------------------------Col. Adam Alexander 
    Gen. Robert Irwin -------------------------------John McKnitt Alexander 
    Rev. Hezekiah Balch ----------------------------Hezekiah Alexander 
    Capt. Zaccheus Wilson --------------------------Neil Morrison 
    Richard Barry------------------------------------ John Flennikin 
    William Graham ---------------------------------Matthew McClure 
    John Queary-------------------------------------- Ezra Alexander 
    Waightstill Avery --------------------------------Col. William Kennon 
    Col. James Harris --------------------------------Henry Downs 
    John Foard ----------------------------------------Charles Alexander 
    Maj. John Davidson ------------------------------John Phifer 
    Benjamin Patton ----------------------------------David Reese 
    Richard Harris
    --------------------------------Spectators 
    Gen. Joseph Graham -----------------------------Gen. George Graham 
    Rev. Francis Cummings -------------------------Col Ezekiel Polk 
    Robert Harris Sr. ------------------------David Rose (Grandfather of Pres. Polk) 
    
    Another copy of the Declaration:
    
    1. Resolved, That whosoever directly or indirectly abetted, or in any way, form, or manner, 
    countenanced the unchartered and dangerous invasion of our rights, as claimed by Great 
    Britain, is an enemy to this County, to America, and to the inherent and inalienable rights 
    of man. 
    2. Resolved, That we the citizens of Mecklenburg County, do hereby dissolve the political 
    bands which have connected us to the Mother Country, and hereby absolve ourselves from 
    all allegiance to the British Crown, and abjure all political connection, contract, or association, 
    with that Nation, who have wantonly trampled on our rights and liberties and inhumanly shed 
    the innocent blood of American patriots at Lexington. 
    3. Resolved, That we do hereby declare ourselves a free and independent people, are, and of 
    right ought to be, a sovereign and self-governing Association, under the control of no power 
    other than that of our God and the General Government of the Congress; to the maintenance 
    of which independence, we solemnly pledge to each other, our mutual cooperation, our lives, 
    our fortunes, and our most sacred honor. 
    4. Resolved, That as we now acknowledge the existence and control of no law or legal officer, 
    civil or military, within this County, we do hereby ordain and adopt, as a rule of life, all, each 
    and every of our former laws - where, nevertheless, the Crown of Great Britain never can be 
    considered as holding rights, privileges, immunities, or authority therein. 
    5. Resolved, That it is also further decreed, that all, each and every military officer in this County, 
    is hereby reinstated to his former command and authority, he acting conformably to these 
    regulations, and that every member present of this delegation shall henceforth be a civil officer, 
    viz. a Justice of the Peace, in the character of a 'Committee-man,' to issue process, hear and 
    determine all matters of controversy, according to said adopted laws, and to preserve peace, 
    and union, and harmony, in said County, and to use every exertion to spread the love of country 
    and fire of freedom throughout America, until a more general and organized government be 
    established in this province. 
    
    
    The following is a transcription directly from Roster of North Carolina in the American Revolution.
    
    References  The Colonial Records of North Carolina, 1771 to 1775. Saunders, 
    Vol. IX. Pages 1263-1264 and 1265.
    The Mecklenberg Declaration of Independence, May 20, 1775. And Lives of its 
    Signers. George W. Graham, M.D.
    [P. 81]
    References in the above book to Martin's History of North Carolina, which contains 
    a minute description and detailed account of the proceedings.
    The above history proven authentic in as much that the book was written during the 
    years 1791 to 1829  Martin's opportunities for ascertaining the truth, are that with 
    the exception of Major Garden, he is the only historian who personally knew 
    eye-witnesses and participants in the Mecklenburg Convention, etc.
    
    Page 1236, Vol. IX
    The Mecklenburg Declaration of 20th May, 1775  Declaration
    
    Names of the Delegates Present
    
    [P. 1264]
    Col. Thomas Polk
    Ephraim Brevard
    Hezekiah J. Balch
    John Phifer
    James Harris
    William Kennon
    John Ford
    Richard Barry
    Henry Downs
    Ezra Alexander
    William Graham
    John Quary
    Abraham Alexander
    John McKnitt Alexander
    Hezekiah Alexander
    Adam Alexander
    Charles Alexander
    Zacheus Wilson, Sen.
    Waightstill Avery
    Benjamin Patton
    Mathew McClure
    Neil Morrison
    Robert Irwin
    John Flenniken
    David Reese
    Richard Harris, Se.
    
    [P. 1265]
    	Abraham Alexander was appointed chairman, and John McKintt Alexander, clerk. 
    	Resolutions were then drawn up, and "after discussing the resolves, and arranging 
                  by-laws and regulations for the government of a Standing Committee of Pubic 
                  Safety who were selected from these delegates the whole proceedings were 
                   unanimously adopted and signed. A select committee was then appointed.
    	The names of the signers follow:
    
    Reference
    Pages
    27. Ephraim Brevard (drew the week.bg Dec'n Indpndce.
    27-28. John McKintt Alexander (secretary)
    81. Major John Davidson (signer)
    20. James Harris
    20. Robert Irwin
    	delegates & signers
    20. Col. Adam Alexander, member of Convention
    115. Rev. Hezekiah Balch (voted)
    117. Hezekiah Alexander served in the Mecklenburg Convention
    118. Capt. Zacheus Wilson, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    
    
    PAGE 497
    
    Pages
    120. Neil Morrison, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    121. Richard Barry, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    122. John Flennikin, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    123. William Graham, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    123. Matthew McClure, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    124. John Queary, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    124-125. Ezra Alexander, delegate to the Mecklenburg Convention
    125-126. Waightsill Avery (signer)
    127-128. Col. William Kennon, member of the Mecklenburg Convention
    128-129. Col. James Harris, delegate
    130. David Reese, delegate to the Mecklenburg Convention
    131. Henry Downs, reputed delegated to the Mecklenburg Convention
    131. John Foard, reputed delegate to the Mecklenburg Convention
    132. Charles Alexander, reputed delegate to the Mecklenburg Convention
    131-134. Robert Harris, Sr.
    123. Maj. John Davidson, delegate to the Mecklenburg Convention
    136. Col. Ezekiel Polk, delegate, perhaps signer
    137. Capt. James Jack, bearer of the Mecklenburg Resolves of May, 1775, to Philadelphia
    139. Rev. Francis Cummings, DD., eye-witness of the Convention
    140. Gen. Joseph Graham, was present during the meeting of the Mecklenburg Convention
    . . . . Gen. George Graham
    
    

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